Incidents in Turkey - November 2000/December 2002


2002

December
On 27 December 2002 rightist students in the campus of Thrace University (Edirne) attacked the leftist students and injured four of them. The following day 5 leftist students of the same university were attacked in front of Selimiye Dormitory. On 29 December a similar attack was staged by rightist students in Aysekadin campus of the university. Reportedly the leftist students were verbally abused and hit by stones.

On 12 December 2002 Istanbul Criminal Court No. 2 continued to hear the case of Ünal Osmanagaoglu, charged with killing Kemal Türkler, former chairman of the unions' confederation DISK on 22 July 1980. The court adjourned the hearing to 21 January 2003 for inspection of the files from Ankara Criminal Court No. 5 on the main trial against the MHP, which had finally arrived in Istanbul. The indictment wants Osmanagaoglu be sentenced to life imprisonment according to Article 149/2 of the TPC.

November
On 27 November 2002 rightist students in the campus of Thrace University (Edirne) beat the students Hakan Çetin and Ugur Tütenocaklar. Reportedly they haven't been fastening in Ramadan. After the incident the police detained the students K.A., S.Z., A.Ö., S.M., A.K., and E.A.

On 14 November 2002 a fight broke out between rightist and leftist students at Ankara Gazi University. After the incident the student Mahir Balyan was detained for a short time. On 15 November he was detained once again.

On 13 November 2002 rightist students in the campus of Gazi University beat the students Murat Korkut and Serkan Onur Yildiz. Reportedly they haven't been fastening in Ramadan.

During a fight between followers of the Enlightened Turkey Party (ATP) and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) in Yozgat the MHP follower Ömer Ekinci (21) died and Recep Çetintas and Ahmet Aslan were injured on 9 November 2002. After the incident 12 people were detained.

The chairs of the ANAP, DYP and MHP, Mesut Yilmaz, Tansu Çiller and Devlet Bahçeli resigned immediately after their parties' failure. After Devlet Bahçeli had declared his resignation, on 4 November 2002 a group of MHP followers raided the Party's office in Istanbul-Bagcilar and beat the party members inside the office. None of the attackers was detained. Chair of the Freedom and Democracy Party (ÖDP) Ufuk Uras also declared that he would drop his post in the Party.

November: The student Yusuf Bilmez of Erzurum Atatürk University stated that he had to quit his education because he was threatened by the Nationalist Action Party followers in the University. Bilmez noted that he was from Tunceli (a Southeastern province overwhelmingly populated by Kurdish Alawi's) and this constituted the reason why he had faced threatenings by the nationalist reactionaries. He stated to have been threatened by the group as such:"They said me that I had to attend the Friday sermond, perform daily prayer in the dormitory, fast during the Ramadan and visit the Idealist's Union if I wanted to attend the school. They said the school was under their sovereignity and thatit was impossible for me attend my courses if I failed to give in their demands"..

October
A car of DEHAP was raked by a group of persons, who were allegedly supporters of MHP, on 31 October 2002. Noone was wounded or died during the incident.

On the night of 31 October 2002 a group of people, reportedly supportes of MHP, fired at a DEHAP vehicle from another car. DEHAP member Hüseyin Meçhul was wounded at his foot.

On 30 October 2002 a group of persons, who have been putting up posters of independent candidate Müslüm Turfan for Istanbul, were attacked by a group of Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) supporters. During the incident Murat Elverisli was wounded seriously with a pistol and only one person was detained by the police.

September
On 23 September 2002 Istanbul Criminal Court No. 2 continued to hear the case of Ünal Osmanagaoglu, charged with killing Kemal Türkler, former chairman of the unions' confederation DISK on 22 July 1980. The court adjourned the hearing to a later date to give the prosecutor time to inspect the files from Ankara Criminal Court No. 5 on the main trial against the MHP, which had finally arrived in Istanbul.

On 31 August 2002 an armed group attacked a group of members of the Freedom and Solidarity Party (ÖDP), when they distributed leaflets in Okmeydani (Istanbul). The ÖDP member Sinan Kayis (22) was killed. Sinan Kayis was buried in Cakmak village of Hafik district (Sivas) on 2 September. Allegedly Ziya Yücetepe, owner of a coffee shop shot at the group. He is said to have a previous record of more than 20 offences and reportedly has close ties to the Nationalistic Movement Party (MHP). His brother Muharrem Yücetepe and a friend called Mehmet Keskin were later detained. On 2 September 2002 the suspected murderer, Ziya Yücetepe surrendered to the police. Ziya Yücetepe and Ömer Karakus, who reportedly took the pistol after the incident, were arrested by Sisli Penal Court No. 1 on 4 September. The Public Prosecotur in Sisli (Istanbul) indicted Karakus and Yücetepe. The indictment wants Yücetepe and Karakus be sentenced to between 25 and 34 years' imprisonment on charges of "killing someone intentionally", "effective action", "holding unlicensed firearms. Yalcin Köse who was injured during the incident was discharged from hospital on 6 September. Köse stated that on the day of the incident they had gone to the coffee shop to distribute ODP leaflets for the elections. Köse said: "We know Ziya Yücetepe as he was our neighbor. That night, there was no tension between anyone but Ziya started to swore at us and repelled us. I told him that there was nothing illegal with the leaflet. But his anger was growing. He acted as if he was trying to prove himself to somebody. A simple row broke out between us. His brother also involved in the row. When we were leaving to shop they pushed one of our friends to the ground. We entered the shop this time for lifting our friend. At that time, Ziya started to shoot at us. The first bullet hit me. Ziye shot a total of two magazines. I saw Sinan falling to the ground. Then I was hit by a second bullet. Then I fainted. I was in hospital when I regained consciousness". Meanwhile, the shop where the incident happened was bombed by unknown people on 5 September.

August
On 31 August 2002 an armed group attacked a group of members of the Freedom and Solidarity Party (ÖDP), when they distributed leaflets in Okmeydani (Istanbul). The ÖDP member Sinan Kayis (22) was killed. Allegedly Ziya Yücetepe, owner of a coffee-shop shot at the group. He is said to have a previous record of more than 20 offences and reportedly has close ties to the Nationalistic Movement Party (MHP). His brother Muharrem Yücetepe and a friend called Mehmet Keskin were later detained. On 2 September the suspected murderer, Ziya Yücetepe, owner of a coffee shop, surrendered to the police. Ziya Yücetepe and Ömer Karakus, who reportedly took the pistol after the incident, were arrested by Sisli Penal Court No. 1 on 4 September. Sinan Kayis was buried in Cakmak village of Hafik district (Sivas) on 2 September.

According to an announcement by the Turkish Communist Party (TKP) in Izmir province some 20 members of the party were beaten in Sirinyer and Bornova district, when they tried to sell papers in the market places. The attackers could not be identified, but are believed to be followers of the Nationalist Action Party. On 27 August 2002 the offices of the MHP in Kartal-Istanbul were subjected to a bomb attack resulting in material damage.

June
On 19 June 2002 Adana SSC started to try 28 students, who had held a press conference in Mersin on 14 March, after the student Ömer Kiliç had been beaten by right-wingers on 11 March. The hearing on charges of supporting an illegal organization by shouting slogans was adjourned to 16 October. On 5 June the trial of 50 students, charged with having staged an illegal demonstration, resulted in acquittal at Mersin Penal Court No. 2.

During the night of 13 June 2002 the student Cem Erol, staying in the Atatürk Students' Dormitory in Inciralti (Izmir), was severely beaten by a group of right-wingers. During a press conference at the Izmir branch of the Human Rights Association (HRA) he said in 19 November: "Four of us were in the room, when a group of 10 fascists came. They asked me to go with them. Trying to avoid further trouble, I did what they wanted. Five people took me to another building and the other five stayed in the room. The five people told me that they belonged to the 'idealist formation' and asked me what kind of politics I was following. They cursed at me. Later their 'chief' arrived and said that I had the choice to either become an idealist or die. For half an hour I was beaten on my head with a bottle. Saying that it was their duty to make me talk they beat for about two hours, until I fainted. I was beaten again, when I regained consciousness by means of water, they poured over me."

On 13 June 2002 Bakirköy Criminal Court No. 2 continued to hear the case of Ünal Osmanagaoglu in connection with the killing of Kemal Türkler, former chairman of the trade union confederation DISK, on 22 July 1980. The file on the main trial against the Nationalist Action Party (MHP), demanded from Ankara Criminal Court No. 5, had not been received. Rasim Öz, lawyer for the sub-plaintiffs, complained that this file had not been forwarded from Ankara to Istanbul within 7 years. The hearing was adjourned to a 31 July.

June 2002: Ulas Gökpinar and Pinar Kurt, students at the Arts Faculty of Sakarya University (Adapazari) alleged that right-wing students (so-called idealists) attacked them twice, because they refused to join them. Gökpinar stated that the first time 6 people had attacked him in January, because he had grown a beard. The former "chief" Haluk Akdas and the new "chief" Ibrahim Ergün had been among the attackers. At the time of the final examinations he had been attacked in the city center of Adapazari. The attackers had been 15 to 20 people and first hit him on his head from behind with a belt. His nose had been broken and he had received a report certifying inability to work for 10 days.

May
On 23 May 2002 Cem Uzunget, chairman of the students' association at the medical faculty of Ankara Gazi University, was attacked by a group of followers of the Nationalist Action Party (MHP). A statement from the students' association listed attacks by MHP followers since 20 May: on 6 students from the faculty for professional education, two from the faculty for education and one student from the faculty for technical education.

On 23 May 2002 MHP followers injured the student Sultan Kara from Istanbul Maltepe Orhangazi Lyceum with a knife. She had to be taken to hospital. In October and November 2001 MHP followers had attacked her.

On 16 May 2002 Kadiköy Criminal Court No. 2 passed its verdict on Ihsan Bal, chairman of Küçükbakkalköy Idealists' Union, for the killing of Hüseyin Duman (28), member of the Socialist Power Party (SIP) on 17 April 1999. The court sentenced him to 24 years' imprisonment according to Article 448 TPC, but ordered his release on the basis that he would benefit from the Law on Conditional Release and Suspension of Sentences. The case has started in December 2000 and the court has issued an arrest warrant for him. He has surrendered on 14 January 2001 after the release of the Law on Conditional Release and Suspension of Sentences. But he has been released on bail of TL 10 billion the same day. This was not the first trial of the right-winger Ihsan Bal. Kadiköy Criminal Court No. 3 had acquitted him in connection with the killing of Ali Güngör, follower of Kurtulus Socialist Journal (KSD) on 23 April 1983, because of lack of evidence. For the killing of Mete Yüksel, chairman of the Akincilar Association, on 23 February 1979 he was tried at Istanbul Military Court, but also acquitted because of lack of evidence. His only conviction had been announced for illegal possession of arms, but the prison term of one year had been commuted to a fine.

On 14 May 2002 Ankara Criminal Court No. 3 passed its verdict on Mahmut Korkmaz, one of the suspects for the so-called Bahçelievler massacre, during which seven students, members of the Turkish Workers' Party (TIP) were killed on 8 October 1978. He had appeared in court for the first time. Presiding judge announced the details of verdicts in the following manner. As participant in the killings Mahmut Korkmaz was sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment for each according to Article 450/4 TPC. The total of 105 years' imprisonment were commuted to the maximum penalty of 36 years' imprisonment. The case against the defendant Kadri Kürsat Poyraz, against whom an arrest warrant in absentia exists, was separated. On 1 November 1999 Ankara Criminal Court No. 3 had convicted Bünyamin Adanali and Ünal Osman Agaoglu and sentenced them to death seven times, but the 9th Chamber of Cassation had ruled on 14 July 2000 that it was wrong to sentence the defendants as actual murderers. When Ankara Criminal Court No. 3 resisted on the initial verdict, the Panel of Chambers at the Court of Cassations had finally confirmed the death penalties.

The student Cihan Güngör, staying in a students' dormitory in Balikesir was attacked by five right-wingers in the night of 13 May 2002 . During a press conference at the Balikesir branch of the Human Rights Association (HRA) fellow students stated that three of the attackers were not students. They named three of the attackers as Murat Yorganci, Deniz Kocaekiz and Oguzhan Kesici.

During the night of 11 May 2002 right-wingers attacked Sadiye Halisdemir, member of the trade union for health personnel (SES), her husband Hidir Halisdemir, member of the Freedom and Democracy Party (ÖDP), Seyran Ürembay, member of SES and her husband lieutenant Ali Ürembay in Akhisar (Manisa). Sadiye Halisdemir was injured to her head and face and Hidir Halisdemir had broken ribs. The attackers were released after testifying to the public prosecutor.

On 7 May 2002 a group of extreme right-wingers attacked a group of 5 students from the Selçuk University in Konya, when they refused to buy tickets for a Caucasian night. Allegedly the right-wingers used a pump gun and injured Alaaddin Aktas, Ilhan Kiliç, Sedat Erol, Mehmet Zana Kibar and Ayetullah Güven. They were taken to the hospital of the medical faculty. Three of the attackers were identified as Zeki Zorlu, Yusuf Narin and Levent Akkus.

May 2002: The meeting organised by the students from Abant Izzet Baysal University (Bolu) on the anniversary of the death of Kenan Mak who was killed by rightist students on 3 May 1998 was banned by the gendarmerie. 11 students were detained during the discusdsions between security forces and the students.

April
On 26 April 2002 Istanbul SSC passed its verdict on 23 defendants, 9 of them in pre-trial connection in with the killing of Nihat Uygun, chairman of the MHP in Kartal (Istanbul) and Ethem Ekin, prosecutor in Adana. Among the alleged members of the Revolutionary Communist Union of Turkey (TIKB) Tamer Tuncer and Sefa Gönültas were sentenced to death according to Article 146 TPC. Ergül Çelik, Kenan Güngör, Nuri Akalin and Turgay Ulu were sentenced to life imprisonment. Mete Tuncer and Zeynep Saral were sentenced to 18 years', 4 months' imprisonment according to Article 168/2 TPC. The sentences of the other defendants were suspended according to the Law on Conditional Release and Suspension of Sentences. After the verdict the defendants shouted slogans and were attacked by relatives of Nihat Uygun. Outside the courtroom they bear the elderly brother of Tamer Tuncer and Mete Tuncer, Nihat Tuncer.

In Nigde 7 of 9 students, who had been detained on 23 April in connection with a fight between left and right-wing students, were arrested on 25 April. The anti-terror squad had detained the left wing students Muhammed Okulmus, Halil Kapazan, Haydar Oguz, Irfan Çaynak, Ali Çicek, Ismail Kama, Zeki Kabalci, Rical Disibüyük and Can Tuna at their homes. The public prosecutor released Muhammed Okulmus and Halil Kapazan. The other students were sent to Nigde E-type Closed Prison.

On 19 April 2002 Kadiköy Criminal Court No. 2 continued to hear the case of Ihsan Bal, chairman of Küçükbakkalköy Idealists' Union, charged with having killed Hüseyin Duman, member of the Socialist Power Party (SIP) on 17 April 1999. The defendant was asked to prepare his final defense and the hearing was adjourned to 16 May.

On 17 April 2002 a crowd of some 300 armed "idealists", led by Atilla Kaya, chairman of the "Idealists' Union" (close to the Nationalist Movement Party - MHP) entered Gazi University in Ankara and attacked another group of "idealists" (close to the Great Unity Party - BBP). The attack followed the change in the lead of the Idealists' Union at Gazi University to the "Alperen Youth' Union" (idealists close to the BBP). During the attack five people were injured. The police detained some 100 students and confiscated various weapons. On 18 April, the detainees were brought before the prosecutor Ahmet Mutlu for testifying. Mutlu, who stated that he could also have them arrested, released all of the students. Prosecutor Mutlu said: "If I wished I could have ordered your arrests. But, I shall not do this for I want you to study your courses. Do not forget that you are here for studying. ... Promise me that you'll not engage in such affairs." After the words of the Prosecutor was published in the media, he was interviewed by a journalist who asked Mutlu whether he would have done the same thing if the students had been leftist. The journalist also reminded Mutlu that he had ordered the arrests of leftists students in similar affairs. Upon a question concerning the sticks and knives and a gun, which had been found with the students, Mutlu was contended with saying: "No one says that these weapons belonged to him. Besides, it is a great a success that no one died during such a mass fight. There is no one injured, either."

On 10 April 2002 three right-wingers ("idealists") attacked the student Hüseyin Camci, when he left Yildiz Technical University (Istanbul), kicked and beat him. One of them used a hatchet and injured Hüseyin Camci to his head. His friends took him to Sisli Etfal Hospital, where his wound had to be stitched. Hüseyin Camci said that he knew two of the attackers from school and accused the police not to have intervened.

During a fight between students sympathizing with the Workers' Party (IP) and left-wing students on Cebeci Campus of Ankara University 10 people were injured. On 5 April 2002 left-wing students had prevented the followers of the IP to make a press statement. On 8 April some 80 followers of IP came to the university and beat three students. When the police arrive another fight with sticks and stones broke out in front of the Pedagogical Faculty. Some 10 students were injured.

March
The lycee student Onurkan Pekdemir (Avci), in Ankara, stated that he was attacked on 28 March 2002 by the rightist students. Pekdemir maintained that he was threatened by the same group before and that he was attacked because he did not obey the rules put by them. Pekdemir added that although he had informed the school administration that some students were going to school with guns no precaution had been taken. Pekdemir received a medical report for two days.

On 11 March 2002 Ömer Kiliç, student at Mersin University, was found in Yurt-Kur students' hostel, his feet being tied up and his wrists being cut. He said that he had been attacked by MHP followers, not all them being students. During a search of his room a note was found saying that "jackals cannot stay at the same place with wolves". The roommate Burak Saticioglu said that they had been attacked by unknown people and he had hardly rescued himself. However, Mersin Police HQ. alleged that "Kiliç attempted to commit suicide" and added that the note had been written by himself. The statement maintained that he had been in a crisis, had tied up his feet, put a t-shirt around his neck and cut his wrists with a knife. In response Kilic stated that he had been forced to write the note himself and asked lawyer Adnan Gündogdu, chairman of the CHP for the central district to represent him in filing a case against the attackers.

Mahmut Korkmaz, one of the suspects for the so-called Bahçelievler massacre, during which seven students, members of the Turkish Workers' Party (TIP) were killed on 8 October 1978, was apprehended in Refahiye district (Erzincan). Another suspect, Kadri Kürsat Poyraz, is still "on the run". On 26 February 2002, Ankara Criminal Court No. 3 was informed of the detention during a routine traffic control. The court ordered his arrest and he was put in Erzincan Prison. Mahmut Korkmaz had been arrested in 1986 and was later sentenced to 15 years imprisonment. The Court of Cassation quashed the verdict. In the retrial Mahmut Korkmaz was sentenced to 105 years' imprisonment (15 years for each killing). This verdict, too, was quashed by the Court of Cassation. In 1991 Mahmut Korkmaz was released according to the Law on Conditional Release of March 1991. Mahmut Korkmaz is facing the death penalty. Ankara Criminal Court No. 3 sentenced his co-defendants Haluk Kirci, Bünyamin Adanali and Ünal Osmanagaoglu seven times to death and these sentences were confirmed by the Court of Cassation. All three are still in prison. The case against Abdullah Çatli who died during the car accident near Susurluk, the so-called Susurluk Scandal, was closed. Some defendants, tried at Ankara Military Court No. 1, were acquitted. In the reasoned verdict of Ankara Criminal Court No. 3 Mahmut Korkmaz, at the time deputy chairman of the Association of Idealist Youth in Ankara with responsibilities for the Bahçelievler/Emek area, is shown as having participated in the action, during which the hands of the students were tied on their backs, they were strangled and shot to death and two of them were placed at the road to Eskisehir with shots to their heads. Since they have been on the run, the file of Kursat Poyraz and Mahmut Korkmaz was separated. This trial continued in Ankara Heavy Penal Court No. 3 on 7 March 2002. At the hearing Mahmut Korkmaz testified and said that he didn't know he was searched for trial and since his release in 1991 his address was the same in Istanbul, he joined the elections and got driving license. The hearing was adjourned to a later date.

On 4 March 2002 Bakirköy Criminal Court No. 2 continued to hear the case concerning the killing of ex-President of the trade union confederation (DISK), Kemal Türkler, on 22 July 1980. The only imprisoned defendant Ünal Osmanagaoglu and his lawyers demanded that Celal Adan, who had been tried in connection with the killing but had been acquitted, be heard as witness. The court rejected the demand and decided to wait for files on the main MHP trial from Ankara Criminal Court No. 5.

January
On 24 January 2002, the 9th anniversary of the assassination of the journalist and writer Ugur Mumcu a commemoration ceremony was held by the Club of Atatürk's Ideas in Eskisehir. The student Vedat Dogan, who participated in the ceremony, was later attacked by five people identified as followers of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). Three of them were detained by the police but late released.


2001

December
On 29 December 2001 the student Abdülkadir Bozdogan was attacked by followers of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) at Konya University. He was injured.

On 29 december 2001 the artist Mehmet Budak was beaten by MHP followers in Devrek district (Zonguldak). The attackers Erdal Çolak and his brother Engin Çolak surrendered to the police.

On 4 December 2001, the students named Burhan Çelik and Sedat (surname unknown) had been beaten by the MHP followers in the Student Dormitory of Antep University. The day after, the MHP followers had attacked the students who had been standing at the table opened for reading in Kurdish. After these incidents many students had been detained during the raids deployed against their houses and dormitories. Since the students were the members of Association of Antep University Students the prosecution launched a court case with the demand of closure of the association. The court adjourned the hearing to a later date so that the prosecution may certify the allegations. Among the detainees 13 were remanded, but were released during the opening hearing to be tried without remand.

On 3 December 2001 a group of leftist students had been attacked by the extreme rightist Nationalist Action Party (MHP) followers at the cafeteria.

Following the incidents at Antep University during Ramadan (December 2001), when rightist students kidnapped leftist students, took them to the woods and beat them up, because they did not fasten, the administration now punished 22 students, who had been involved in the fight that broke out, when leftist students tried to stage a protest against the incident and were attacked by right-wing students. The students concerned reportedly belong to the group of leftist students. Permanently dismissed were: Sahin Bakir, Orhan Çiftçi, Vural Tarla, Sezai Karatay, Sunrullah Canbey, Gökhan Kurtbeyoglu and Ali Sönmez. A ban for one term was issued for Salman Kilinç, Aydin Çelik, Anil Oktay Çelik, Ümit Özoktay, Yusuf Çiftçi, Haydar Akishan, Murat Aktas, Erol Kanar, Redi Adibelli and Zekeriya Çetinkaya and a ban for one week was issued for Özgür Vicdan, Durmus Saglam, Yilmaz Çaglar and Ismail Elmali. Those students, who were banned from school for one term will reportedly be accepted as being dismissed, since they will not be able to "enter the exams and get the necessary GPA to proceed".

November
On 30 November 2001 Kadiköy Criminal Court No. 2 continued to hear the case of Ihsan Bal, chairman of the Idealist Union in Küçükbakkalköy, charged with killing Hüseyin Duman (28), member of the Socialist Power Party (SIP) on 17 April 1999. Bugra Varol was heard as witness and stated that Ihsan Bal shot at the victim from a distance of 3 to 4 meters, without any quarrel or argument between the two men. The court ordered the arrest of Ihsan Bal on the grounds that he might escape, now being charged for "killing on purpose".

The words by the deputy chairman of the Nationalist Action Party (MHP), Sevket Bülent Yahnici, in an interview with the journalist Nese Düzel on torture created a discussion. The interview was published on 26 November 2001 in the daily "Radikal"- Yahnici was quoted: "In order to avoid torture we widened the scope of Article 243 TPC. The General Director for Security came to the Judicial Commission and asked for a pardon of those police officers convicted under Article 243. There is torture in Turkey. Even if we fulfill all criteria for an entry to the EU, we shall still be torturing. That is part of our soul."

On 22 November 2001 the rector of Marmara University (Istanbul) was given a petition signed by some 200 students calling for education in Kurdish. On 6 January the students were called to university in order to testify on signing a joint petition. The students were warned that disciplinary punishment could be given, if they did not appear. They were given a form with questions such as "did you sign the petition voluntarily?" or "are you still supporting the demand?". The form was declared to be held anonymous. When the students left university they were attacked by right-wing militants and neither the rectorate nor the police intervened. The student Harun Ece said that many of them were being threatened and some were detained and asked to become police informers. "After we had rejected to fill in the forms we wanted to leave university and told the police waiting in armoured vehicles that a group of 20-30 right-wing militants were threatening us. However, the police did do nothing and apparently waited that we would attack the group. We did not, but they attacked us and injured one friend with a hatchet."The name of the student who was heavily injured was reported to be Ramazan Adiyaman.

Sultan Kara, student at the Orhan Gazi Lyceum in Maltepe (Istanbul) alleged that she had been heavily beaten by followers of the MHP on 21 November 2001, when she was sitting in an internet-cafe near school. On 6 October 2001 she had been injured with a knife.

Mahmut Tekdas, student at the Faculty of Trade and Tourism at the Gazi University alleged that some 15 extreme right-wing students beat him and two fellow students, because his two friends had been seen smoking during the day in the month of Ramadan. Mahmut Tekdas stated that he was fastening during this month. At a press conference of Ankara HRA these events were reported for 16 and 19 November 2001.

Following the attack of two HADEP offices in Istanbul on 14 November 2001 the same person, called Zeki Genç conducted a similar attack on the Istanbul branch of the Human Rights Association (HRA). He came to the office at 2.30pm with a box, a knife and a pistol. He shouted at the secretary that he would kill all Kurds and asked whether no men were present. At the same time he fired one shot in the ceiling. When he entered the room with the chairwoman Eren Keskin and the board members Dogan Genç, Ümit Efe, Ali Armutlu and Gülseren Yoleri he was overpowered by staff member Saban Dayanan, who had been hiding behind the door. During the struggle Saban Dayanan received a cut wound to his left hand. He and the attacker, who was handed over to the police, were taken to hospital, where the attacker reportedly threatened Saban Dayanan by saying "next I'll kill you." After the incident chairwoman Eren Keskin held a press conference in front of the building stating that three friends, who had caught the attacker instead of the police, had saved their lives. She distributed copies of a letter the HRA had received during last week. The letter contained information on a person called Zeki Genç, born 1970 in Ordu province, member of the Idealists' Society in Sisli. Reportedly he was detained in 3 March and interrogated at Beyoglu Department to Fight Terrorism, since he was carrying two pistols, 1 hand grenade and an officer's uniform. In his testimony he talked about his involvement in the killing of Vedat Aydin, chairman of HEP for Diyarbakir province, the journalist Hüseyin Deniz from the daily Özgür Gündem and the HADEP officials Serdar Tanis and Ebubekir Deniz in Silopi, but was released. Meanwhile Vahit Genç, chairman of the Freedom and Solidarity Party (ÖDP) for Istanbul province, stated that Zeki Genç had attacked the ÖDP office in Beyoglu on 2 March and subsequently been interrogated. On 19 November Zeki Genç was arrested on charges of bodily harm and illegal possession of a weapon, while Bülent Sat, accused of having sold him the pistol, was released.

On 9 November 2001 a group of MHP followers attacked leftist students in a students' hostel in Zeytinburnu (Istanbul). They tried to enter room 106 and when the students did not open the door they threw tear gas. The tenants managed to escape through the window.

On 8 November 2001 Beyoglu Criminal Court No. 1 acquitted 8 defendants, who had been charged with the killing of Ömer Lütfi Topal, known as the "king of gambling houses", on 28 July 1996. The 8 defendants in this trial were Sami Hostan and Ali Fevzi Bir, companions of the victim, the former members of special teams Ayhan Çarkin, Oguz Yorulmaz, Ercan Ersoy and Mustafa Altinok, Haluk Kirci, a right-wing militant, who was convicted for his involvement in the killing of 7 members of the Turkish Workers' Party TIP in Bahçelievler (Ankara) and Serdar Özdag. The court followed the prosecutor in acquitting the defendant because of lack of evidence.

On 7 November 2001 Songül Çorca, Çagatay Çiftçi and Ülkü Bas, students at the Selçuk University in Konya were attacked by 10 right-wing students. Songül Çorca was seriously injured and had to be treated in hospital. The attack, reportedly led by a student named Yusuf Narin, was carried out, because the students had spoken in Kurdish. Meanwhile Çorca was released from hospital on 9 November.

October
On 31 October 2001 right-wing students injured one leftist student at Van 100 Year University with a knife. The next day three right-wing students were injured during quarrels in town. The police detained some 50 leftist students.

On 31 October 2001 one leftist student from the "100 Year University" was injured when a group of MHP followers attacked them. This led to a fight in the town center the next day. Three MHP followers were beaten up. 85 of 103 students from the "100 Year University", who had been detained on 31 October and 1 November, were released without appearing in front of a court. 17 were released on 3 November, but shall be charged at Van SSC. The student Veli Balyemez was taken back to the gendarmerie for further interrogation.

On 26 October 2001 Kadiköy Criminal Court No. 2 continued the hearing against Ihsan Bal, chairman of Kücükbakkalköy Idealists' Union, on charges of killing Hüseyin Duman (28), member of the Socialist Power Party (SIP) on 17 April 1999. The lawyers of the victim's family rejected the judge for being biased. Kadiköy Criminal Court No. 1 will have to decide on this point. The hearing was adjourned to 30 November. Outside the courtroom tension arose between members of SIP and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) so that the police had to intervene.

On 22 October 2001 Malatya Criminal Court passed its verdict in the retrial concerning the killing of the student Ümit Cihan Tarho on 11 January 1998. He had been stabbed to death by followers of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP). The Court followed the decision by the Court of Cassation and suspended the sentences for Memis Dündar, Caner Öztürk, Muhammed Sahiner, Hanifi Azdiko-lu, Mehmet Fatih Gökalp, Bedri Yaylagül, Korkut Özalp, Levent Mutlu and Irfan Küçük. The conviction of Kadri Kiliç for murder and the acquittal of Caner Öztürk, passed by Malatya Criminal Court on 17 January 2000, had been confirmed by the Court of Cassation.

Taskin Polat, chairman of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) for Ardahan Central District, beat Alper Turgut from the news agency "Ihlas" (IHA) when on 14 October 2001 he followed a meeting by MHP MPs in Posof (Ardahan). Taskin Polat also pushed him out of the room.

Enver Delibas, chairman of the Party of Labour (EMEP) for Maltepe district (Istanbul) stated that on 6 October 2001 the student Sultan Kura and on 7 October the student Serif Karamese were attacked by followers of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) and wounded with knifes. The student Rifat Zafer was attacked and beaten by some 20 MHP followers. On 9 October the police in Kartal (Istanbul) intervened, when members of the Party of Labour (EMEP) wanted to hold a press conference on attacks by MHP followers. Enver Delibas, chairman for the province, Nuri Ergin, chairman for Ümraniye district and the board member for Maltepe district, Hüseyin Kirca and Ergül Enk were detained.

On 2 October 2001 students from the Technical University in Istanbul held a press conference in protest against a police intervention on the campus. They alleged that the detained students had been beaten and their houses had been raided. When one of the students shouted, "look, that's one of the torturers" the atmosphere became tense. The chief of the police threatened with detaining everybody leaving the campus. However, the police withdrew after two hours.

September
The police intervened when on 29 September 2001 the "Platform against War", comprised of members of trade unionist, NGOs and political parties, wanted to hold a press statement in Freedom Square (Istanbul-Bakirköy). They did not allow the participants to gather. When the crowd started to shout slogans the police detained many people. A group of People's Democracy Party (HADEP) members wanted to march towards the shore and was attacked by followers of the MHP. The police, however, detained members of HADEP. Reportedly a total of 47 people were detained. Later a group of 4 people went to Bakirköy Police HQ. to require about the detainees. They, too, were detained, but all detainees were released after testifying to a judge. September: Bakirköy Criminal Court No. 2 continued the hearing on the killing of Kemal Türkler, ex-chair of the trade union confederation DISK some 21 years ago. In this trial the death penalty is being demanded for the defendant Ünal Osmanagaoglu. A group of extreme right-wing "idealists" had appeared acting as a force of order. They prevented trade unionists from attending the hearing and journalists could only take photos after this militarist group had given them "permission". The court adjourned the hearing to a later date waiting for a file from Ankara Criminal Court No. 5.

The Nationalist Action Party (MHP) applied to the Constitutional Court in the beginnings of September 2002 demanding the annulment of 6 Articles in Law No. 4771. MHP Leader and Vice Prime Minister Devlet Bahçeli stated that they demanded the annulment of the following regulations:
"* The abolishment of death penalty for crimes of terror
*The regulations which would pave the way for a special pardoning of Abdullah Öcalan
*The regulations about the right to broadcast and education in mother tongue
*New concession the foundations of non-Muslim minorities
* The regulations which lead to the subordination of Turkish law and judiciary to the European Law and new provisions concerning retrial."
On 12 September, the Constitutional Court conducted its first investigation into MHP's application. Deputy Chair of the Constitutional Court Hasim Kiliç stated that they rejected the demand for the annulment of recent amendments concerning death penalty on the reasons that the application was not made within the first 10 days after the publishment of Law No. 4771 contrary to what is foreseen in Article 148 of the Constitution. The Court decided to investigate on merits the demand for annulment of the provisions related to education and broadcast in Kurdish.

June
Nationalist Movement Party supporters both on 21 and 28 June 2001 attacked Adapazarı State Hospital Director Altan Kahraman. The event reportedly developed as followed: Kahraman was appointed to Akyazi district after the 17 August earthquake from the hospital where he worked for 10 years. Kahraman made an official claim in order to stop execution to Region Administrative Court. Meanwhile in place of Yasar Bilgin who had an armed attack 8 months ago on E-25 main road, injured and resigned after that Ahmet Kemiksizoğlu known to be close to MHP Province Executor Hamdi Kılıçarslan appointed. But Region Administrative Court approximately 18 months after the appointment sent Altan Kahraman back to his position. Two men in his room attacked Kahraman, on 21 June. Kahraman related that MHP Province Executor Hamdi Kılıçarslan called him right after restarting for asking him to leave his position and provoked the attackers. He also accused Adapazarı Hospital head doctor and Dr. Vecdi Müderris and MHP Province Executor Hamdi Kılıçarslan with insulting. After the attack Kahraman made an official complain and on 28 June in the garden of the hospital he was beaten by 6 or 7 unidentified assassains with sticks. Kahraman, injured from his head and body, said that attackers of the first attack were in this group, too.

During a struggle between leftist and rightist students at Istanbul University 2 students were injured on 12 June 2001. Some 100 rightist students wanted to protest against the dismissal of 11 students. During the demonstration they started to throw stones at leftist students who responded. The fight continued outside the campus, but nobody was detained.

June 2001: Former Minister of the Interior, Hasan Fehmi Günes, testified in Ankara in connection with the killing of left-wing students in front of Istanbul University on 16 March 1978. The statement was forwarded to Istanbul Criminal Court No. 6. Mr. Günes refused to give details on a meeting he had with Lokman Kundakci who at the time had been leading the Federation of Idealists' Associations in Europe, saying that this was a State secret. Güneş continued: "After returning to Turkey I had a private meeting of 5 hours with him at Marmara House. I asked a few questions about Abdi İpekçi Case and he gave me some information. But these were not written. I cannot know if there is a written report taken out of my intention. I don't remember whether we talked about the killing of the students. I can't talk about anything that is State secret, it is legally forbidden. In general he stated that he had gained the impression that some people in the public apparatus had used an organization comprised of civilians for their own ends and that some forces that did not want the society to develop had carried out the 12 September coup. But this was only one reason for it. The Susurluk Case verified this implication.

May
On 11 May 2001, a local television-broadcasting channel in Sakarya, namely Kanal 54, was raided by a group of around 30 people, allegedly members of the Great Union Party (BBP), during a discussion programme. The attackers severely beat Erdal Er, the board member of Republican People's Party (CHP) Sakarya Central District Organization who was at the studio then. While Er was being hospitalized, Ayhan Mutan, chair for CHP Provincial Organization, set out towards the hospital to meet Er who was in coma. The attackers stopped the car in which Mutan and his son were present, and stabbed Ayhan Mutan and Volkan Mutan from the leg. Two of the attackers were caught, and arrested on 12 May. Another two of them escaped. Although, the attack took place during a live broadcast, the visual scripts were allegedly eroded. Later, persons named Nadir Saka, Burhan Kılıç, Ercan Gültekin, Ahmet Yılmaz and Semih Polat were detained in connection with the raid.

Reporters from the local Carsamba TV station in Samsun province were attacked when on 8 May 2001 they tried to film illegal butchering at an official site in Carsamba district. The owner Faruk Tak, the cameraman Umut Hizal and reporter Yasar Karaman were injured and get reports certifying their inability to work for 7 days. Faruk Tak said later that the illegal activities were conducted by Carsamba Mayor Nafiz Kiliç (from the National Action Party MHP) and they had received threats from him. The two attackers were apprehended, but released in order to be tried without arrest.

April
Bahadir Dehmen, student at Ankara Gazi University was severely beaten by 7-8 followers of the National Movement Party (MHP) on 26 April 2001 at 10.30pm. He suffered a big wound to his head and had a broken arm. He was held in hospital for 24 hours because of the risk of an internal bleeding. On 20 April 2001 students protested in Istanbul against the "lifting of lessons aimed at prevented students of the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Literature at Istanbul University to become teachers". The protesters were attacked by a group of radical right-wing people. The leftist students Mehmet Candemir, Mehmet Cançiçek, Ibrahim Yilmaz and another unnamed student were injured during the event. Mehmet Candemir reportedly was injured severely.

On 4 April 2001 students of Marmara University who had gathered because of the 4th anniversary of the death of Alpaslan Türkes, the former leader of the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) four years ago attacked leftist students with axes and sticks. Two students were injured during the event. During a protest after the incident students Nadir Erol and Özgür Yardim were detained.

On 4 April 2001, the MHP members attacked the journalist who went to the inauguration ceremony of Alarko Carrier Gebze branch. The cameraman with Kanal D Bülent Yilmaz was wounded from the head in the incident, and he was hospitalized in Gebze State Hospital.

On 3 April 2001 two leftist students were beaten at Gazi University in Ankara. When further leftist students came, about 150 followers of the MHP attacked them. During the incident 11 students were injured. Inan Ulusan and Mehmet Yesil had to be taken to hospital.

On 2 April 2001 Istanbul Criminal Court No. 2 continued to hear the case of Ünal Osmanagaoglu, charged with killing Kemal Türkler in Istanbul on 22 July 1980. At the time Kemal Türkler had been the chairman of the trade union confederation DISK: The presiding judge announced that a file expecting from Ankara Criminal Court No. 5 did not arrived. In a letter from Üsküdar E-type Prison the administration stated that they did not have any documents in the archives on the case against the National Movement Party (MHP). Lawyer Rasim Öz acting on behalf the sub-plaintiffs asked for an official complaint to be launched against those people who are responsible from the non-arrival of one file that the court has been waiting to receive for 5 years. In the trial the death penalty is sought for Ünal Osmanagaoglu.

April 2001: A trial was launched at Malatya SSC against executives of political parties who organized an action of sending facsimiles from Tunceli in protest at the operations in prison from 19 December 2000. For their action of 20 December 2000 the following party officials will be tried for "aiding an illegal organization": Salih Gündogan (EMEP), Murat Üldes (EMEP), Yusuf Cengiz (ÖDP), Kenan Aktan (SIP), Ali Can Öncü (HADEP) and the politicians and trade unionists Hidir Aytaç, Hasan Ciçek, Hüseyin Aygün, Kemal Tutar and Süleyman Güler. In Trabzon, MHP followers attacked several people who wanted to read out a press statement. The police did not prevent the attackers and detained some of the protesters who wanted to read the statement.

March
Bakıl Açık, a student of Konya Seljuk University, was attacked by a group of 25 MHP supporters. On, 24 March 2001, he was kidnapped by them. In the press release he made in the Human Rights Association Konya branch, Açık stated that he was kidnapped by the chief of the MHP students in Seljuk University and that he was beaten and threatened.

On 21 March 2001, Aytac San and one of his friends (name undisclosed), both students of Ankara Keciören High School, were beaten by a group of MHP supporters. Upon the incident Aytac San was hospitalized and he received a medical report for a one-week rest. Subsequent to the official complaint of Aytaç four people were detained. Names of the detainees were not disclosed.

On 16 March 2001, a person named Sahmettin Akyüz (43) alleged that followers of the National Movement Party (MHP) in Istanbul beat him. He said: "After the earthquake I lost my house and stayed at the Idealists' Union of Yeni Sahra. Later I found a place for my family and me with 3 children. I found a little income from a publishing house and the municipality of Kadiköy. Some days ago they came and wanted money from me, either because they thought that I was receiving a high amount of aid or because they did not like the places where the money came from. They were not satisfied with the answer that I did not have any money and came during the night of 16 March to my house. They took my 3 children and me to the Idealists' Union. We were taken there at 10pm and beaten until the morning. One of them was the chairperson Murat Kara and two men named Yilmaz and Eyüp. Later others came to watch us. When they fell asleep we managed to escape."

March 2001: Cem Alptekim hab been tried of "disclosing the confidential documents of the National Intelligence Service" after he had submitted the records of the conversation between Hasan Fehmi Günes and chairman of the Federation of Idealist Turks (an ultra-nationalist organization), and he had acquiteed on 16 October 2000.

One of the most interesting cases concerning freedom of expression in March was the complaint against Metin Bostancioglu, former Minister for Education in connection with his recommendation of a book by Kemal Yalçin entitled "Borrowed Trousseau - Human in Exchange". The novel had been honored with several prices. However, the right-wing teachers union Turk Egitim-Sen maintained that the book was full of insults for Turks and on 1 March 2001 Suayip Özcan, chairman of Türk Egitim-Sen declared that they would file an official complaint against the ex-Minister of Education.

February
Duran Gök, student of Osmaniye Professional Highschool at Cukurova University (Adana) was beaten by some 10 followers of the National Movement Party (MHP) on 28 February 2001. The beatings allegedly happened because Duran Gök was wearing a Kurdish scarf. Duran Gök had to be taken to hospital because of a broken nose and injured lip.

, February 2001: İhsan Bal, who was tried in remand in absentia for killing Hüseyin Duman, a member of the Socialist Power Party (SİP) on 17 April 1999 surrendered on 4 January 2001. He was released the same day for a bail of TL 10 billion. Ihsan Bal, chairman of the Idealist Union in Küçükbakkalköy, had been charged under Article 448 TPC for intentional killing that requires a sentence of between 24 and 30 years' imprisonment and on 22 December 2000 an arrest warrant had been issued for him.

The Islamic author Burhan Kavuncu was detained in Istanbul on 1 February 2001. Reportedly the detention is based on the fact that he was sentenced under Article 159 TPC to one-year imprisonment. His brother Orhan Kavuncu, former MP for the Grand Unity Party (BBP), said however, that the detention was in connection with a bomb placed during the OSCE meeting in Istanbul at the Russian Consulate. Another 5 people, one of them named Bülent Tokgöz, reportedly were detained on the same allegations.

January
On 25 janaury 2001 the police intervened in some 50 students wanting to protest the attack when they were about to disperse after having made a press release in front of the court building and detained 10 students.

10 left-wing students from the High School for Profession in Bolu were attacked by some 30 followers of the National Movement Party (MHP). The incident occurred happened in the afternoon of 24 January 2001 in the town center, after the left-wing students had been denied access to school in the morning, again by MHP followers. Ibrahim Aksoy and Tahsin Çaglar Kurtay were injured during the incident. One of the attackers was alleged to have joined in another attack which resulted in the death of Kenan Mak.

January 2001: A minibus carrying the Chairman of the National Movement Party (MHP) for Kahta district in Adiyaman province, Abdullah Seçilmis, and other family members was attacked by automatic arms near Çataltepe village in Kahta district. Abdulsamet Seçilmis (29), brother of Abdullah Seçilmis was killed and Abdullah Seçilmis, Ertan Seçilmis, Muhittin Tug, Zeynel Tangün and Mehmet Çoban were injured. The bus was on its way to a hearing of another brother of Abdullah Seçilmis, Mehmet Abidin Seçilmis who had been arrested after the congress of the MHP in Kahta district on 29 July 2000. During this congress a fight had broken out between the two candidates for the Chair and Mehmet A. Seçilmis had shot the other candidate, Necmi Tas and his brother Abuzer Tas to death.

Jan 2001: Ankara State Security Court (SSC) Prosecution Office launched an investigation against the Freedom and Solidarity Party (ÖDP) executives on the allegation that they have "aided and sheltered illegal organizations" by hosting the relatives of the prisoners and convicts who were engaged in a hunger strike in the building. On the other hand, ÖDP Deputy Chairman Yildirim Kaya made an official complaint against Minister of Interior Sadettin Tantan, Security General Director Turan Genc and Ankara Security Director Kemal İskender upon the reason that they didn't intervene in the incidents during the MHP attack to their party buildings.

November/December 2000
Nobody lost his/her lives during the incidents which peculiarly broke out in the universities between December 2000 and January 2001. However, at most as a result of the attack of rightist students on leftist ones, at least 21 students lost their lives. Students named Abdurrahim Tugrul and Davut Ezgin were beaten by some supporters of the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) who raided the student dormitory in Antep University on the night of 30 November. It was reported that a dispute had taken place in the canteen of the dormitory between two students speaking Kurdish and MHP supporters a day before the incident. Four left-wing students and a police officer was wounded in the incidents that broke out on 13 December 2000 at Marmara University Göztepe Campus and Istanbul University Faculty of Literature. A group of students, supporters of the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) attacked the left-wing students at Göztepe Campus in the morning hours. A student named Kemal Tunç received a knife wound on his hand. Students who gathered in the canteen at noon to protest the attack were attacked by the MHP supporters again. In the fight that broke out where sticks and stones were involved two left-wing students Edip Gölbaşı and Ömer Gür were wounded. At Istanbul University Faculty of Literature on the other hand, a left-wing student and a police officer was slightly wounded by the attacks carried out by the MHP supporters. Serdar Karakus, a student at Bursa Uludag University, was attacked by supporters of Nationalist Action Party (MHP) supporters on 17 December 2000 outside the University. Karakus who suffered from 5 knife wounds on his chest was taken to Bursa State Hospital and underwent an operation. Karakus reportedly passed the vital stage. One of the attackers detained by the police officers identified by the students turned out to be a student at Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences within the University. Serdar Karakus, a student at Bursa Uludag University, was attacked by supporters of Nationalist Action Party (MHP) supporters on 17 December 2000 outside the University. Karakus who suffered from 5 knife wounds on his chest was taken to Bursa State Hospital and underwent an operation. Karakus reportedly passed the vital stage. One of the attackers detained by the police officers identified by the students turned out to be a student at Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences within the University

On 7 December 2000, the Association of Solidarity with the Families of the Prisoners and Convicts (TAYAD) branch in Istanbul-Findikzade was raided by a group of ultra-nationalist Nationalist Action Party (MHP) members. While the relatives of the prisoners and the association's executives were inside the building, the group broke down the windows and threatened the people inside. The police arrived after 45 minutes of the incident, but did not intend to take attackers into custody at first. Then, upon the complaints and insistence of the Association lawyers, three people were detained.

(This information is from the monthly reports of the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT))

Incidents in Turkey - Incidents in Turkey - February 2004
Incidents in Turkey - Incidents in Turkey - January 2004
Incidents in Turkey - Incidents in Turkey - December 2003
Incidents in Turkey - Incidents in Turkey - November 2003
Incidents in Turkey - Incidents in Turkey - September / October 2003
Incidents in Turkey - Incidents in Turkey - July / August 2003
Incidents in Turkey - January / June 2003